Juliet D'cruz

Common Water Pollutants And Their Effects

Today’s world is tainted with the dark colors of pollution, and the air itself breathes of dust and dirt. The atmosphere, water, soil, and everything we associate with are polluted almost beyond all recovery measures. In this state of circumstances, purity must walk its way into our lives with an urgency, which is required. Every substance around us is affected by other harmful substances that penetrate our systems and destroy the biological machine with an effortless endeavor.

The three most essential things in our lives revolve around the air, water, and food. Among these three basic needs, air and food are infiltrated beyond all measures. They are harmed beyond an extent that cannot be repaired easily or early. 60% of the human body system is comprised of fluids. The sole method of intaking and maintaining this fluid balance in the body is consuming water in adequate amounts.

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Water Pollutants

Drinking water is one of the only methods of conserving fluids in the body system. The rejuvenation of body fluids is an essential phenomenon in the human body. When this vital component is so much at risk, the entire body system collapses entirely. The kidneys shut down, the liver begins to malfunction, and the heart ultimately stops pumping lifeblood.

There are several types of water pollutants in the environment. Every pollutant is equally harmful to the surroundings and our bodies. The water pollutant is sub-categorized into several groups.

On average or small amounts, these pollutants are not so harmful to the human body. But the concentration of these pollutants has reached an alarming level, which is indeed a concern. Common contaminants are listed as follows.

  1. Sewage

Billions of people worldwide generate a massive amount of waste, which all runs into the water bodies of the Earth. Disposal of such an enormous amount of waste is difficult on land bodies. To get rid of these wastes, they are often dumped into water bodies, which have become a primary reason for water pollution.

Sewage, when untreated, can cause several waterborne diseases like Cholera and diarrhea in human beings. The prevalence of waterborne diseases is more in untreated sewage water. Untreated sewage water also contains a considerable amount of biodegradable organic compounds in its composition. This waste undergoes oxidation in the water and consumes the oxygen used by the water organisms. This increases the biological oxygen demand (BOD), which is highly harmful to the RO water purifier.

  1. Synthetic Organic Compounds

Synthetic pesticides, fertilizers, detergents, pharmaceuticals are the most common examples of synthetic organic compounds mixed into the water supply regularly. They are highly toxic. They remain in the water for a very long time in a non-degraded condition and make the water poisonous for a very long time.  When consumed over a long time, water can cause enormous harm to the human body. They can cause chemical burns, nausea, convulsions and lead to chronic health disorders. And some of these molecules may lead to the most dangerous disease like cancer. These untreated water can cause nervous diseases that affect the Central nervous system for a very long time.

  1. Chemical Waste

Heavy metals such as lead, cadmium, and mercury are found in water bodies. They are released in water by illegal dumping of battery waste from the factories. They, too, remain in the water for a very long time and cause immense harm to the human body.

An even more dangerous kind of chemical waste is exhibited in the form of radioactive wastes. Several factories utilize nuclear energy as a mode of power for their working mechanisms. They dump their radioactive wastes in the water bodies. They are carried through ocean currents and reach various regions of the Earth.

  1. Oil Pollution

Oil pollution is caused mainly due to spills over the oceans from huge tankers and oil drilling machines. Oil spills are known to cause 12% of the total oil pollution that occurs globally. And another cause is the disposal of oil into water bodies. There has been an advancement in science with which there have been a hybrid bacteria called Pseudomonas putida. It eats up the oil spills and clears the water from the pollutants.

How To Eliminate Water Pollutant From Water?

To treat water contaminants, there is a wide range of water purification systems, but among all, a technologically advanced water purifier is one of the best and reliable devices to treat water pollutants. A water purifier can treat all kinds of water pollutants and quickly eliminate them from water without hassle. So various water purifier experts suggest purchasing modern and technologically advanced water purifiers for every house in India.


The above are the most common pollutants found in water. Most water pollutants do not quickly leave the water with the traditional water purifying methods like boiling and others. Water purifiers have thus become the only solution for all the problems related to water. One must use the best UV water purifier for their homes to protect themselves and their families from the pollutants in water.

Ultraviolet radiation clears the water of almost all types of pollutants. When incorporated in water purifiers, they produce the best form of water. The best UV water purifier for the home must be availed by all households for better health and a promising future.

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